Saturday, November 18, 2017
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Combatants

Nations, countries, Republic, Kingdoms and Empires that participated in the Great War

British Empire

The German-British naval arms race drastically intensified after the 1906 launch of the HMS Dreadnought, a revolutionary battleship that made all previous battleships obsolete....

French Third Republic

In March, 1871, radical Republicans in Paris rebelled and set up the Commune of Paris, controlling the capital for two months until government troops...

Kingdom of Montenegro

The Ottoman Province of Montenegro was created in 1514 from the remains of the Principality of Zeta that belonged to the Province of Scutari....

Austro-Hungarian Empire

The defeat at Königgrätz in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 resulted in Austria's exclusion from Germany; the German Confederation was dissolved. The monarchy's weak...

United States of America

America's policy of insisting on neutral rights while also trying to broker a peace resulted in tensions with both Berlin and London. U.S. President...

Kingdom of Italy

Italy had been allied with the German and Austro-Hungarian Empires since 1882. Italy had its own designs against Austrian territory in the Trentino, Istria,...

Kingdom of Romania

In 1877, Romania declared independence from the Ottoman Empire and, following a Russian-Romanian-Turkish war, in which Romania fought on the Russian side, Romania’s independence...

Kingdom of Bulgaria

Bulgarian nationalism emerged in the early nineteenth century under the influence of western ideas of liberalism and nationalism that trickled into the country after...

Russian Empire

The disastrous performance of the Russian armed forces in the Russo-Japanese War was a blow to the Russian State and increased the potential for...

German Empire

Differences between France and Prussia over the possible accession to the Spanish throne of a German candidate—whom France opposed—was the French pretext to declare...

Ottoman Empire

European powers were jealous of the Ottoman Empire on the one hand, and on the other saw it as feudal and backward compared with...

Kingdom of Serbia

The First Serbian Uprising of 1804–1813, led by Đorđe Petrović (also known as Karađorđe or "Black George"), and the Second Serbian Uprising of 1815,...